A multi purpose dam called Bili bili have been built in Jeneberang river basin in eastern Indonesia in 1999 and providing water available to all customers. In 2004 a landslide occurred and impact to the quality of raw water, especially the amount of turbidity, dramatically increased. Landslide problems started with high sedimentation rates to water infrastructures.
Technically the lifetime of Bili bili multi purpose dam and reservoirs will be shorter than planned. In contrast, we understand and agreed that sustainable development and ensuring the current use of a water resource as well as a dam should compromise its use by future generation.To reach progress in sustainability we need to establish governance structures and practices that can foster, guide and coordinated positive work by a host of actors on a complex of issues.
Today, Indonesian Central Government is planning to establish a public corporate participation to comprehensive water resources management in eastern Indonesia. The important significant of stakeholders in order to develop comprehensive approaches, are water agencies: regional and local water institution that will manage catchments areas, water infrastructures and water utilities as provider of drinking water to municipalities. They will be acquainted to the water and water institutional capacity problems.
This research examines both the current impacts on and potential future for water management in eastern Indonesia. One of the objectives of this research will be to described the current of water resource organization, which is related to establishing of a public corporate, not only stakeholders involvement; management and organization; but also finances and investments;operation; distribution; regulation and policy.
One objective of this research will be measured by conducting interactive interviews and dialogue with the representatives of the stakeholders. The last objective is evaluating the Human Resources Development performances of water resources management by a series of workshops. Additionally, some recommendations for a future water supply system will be provided as an input for the government and local authority in order to improve the capacity and water resources management in eastern Indonesia.
The results conclude that to meet the Millennium Development Goals, the establishment of a public corporate for supporting Indonesia’s process of decentralization is necessary where the local level include customers can be a much more dynamic interaction between providers of services and water users.
A participatory method is useful to raise problems, so while the Central Government can mandate a minimum service standard and the achievements of these standards can be monitored directly at the local level. Accountability of water resources development should be considered as a vehicle when a problem occurs with insufficiency of the existing water facilities and a big demand of water purposes.
Author: Ageng, Pandu SW